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Why A Trial By Jury?

Trial by jury is deeply established in the American judicial system and guarantees are found both in the federal and state constitutions.

"In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall happen, …"
United States Constitution
Amendment VI

"In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved …"
United States Constitution
Amendment VII